Traveling the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean

About 70% of the earth is covered by water. An ocean can be defined as a body of salt water that covers much of the earth. The earth’s oceans are actually all connected. Together, they are called the Earth’s Global Ocean.

Until the year 2000, only four oceans were recognized, but today there are five.

These five oceans are known as the Pacific, Atlantic, Indian, Southern, and Arctic Ocean.

Pacific Ocean

The Pacific Ocean is the largest ocean in the world and is 63,780,000 square miles. The Pacific Ocean is double the size of the Atlantic Ocean and covers 30% of the Earth. The Pacific Ocean is located between the Western Hemisphere, Asia, and Australia. The Pacific Ocean is the deepest ocean with an average depth of 15,215 feet. The deepest part of the Pacific Ocean is known as the Mariana Trench. The Mariana Trench is located east of the Philippines and is 36,198 feet deep.

The Pacific Oceans coastline covers 135,663 kilometers. A coastline is also known as a seashore or beach. The coastline is where the land and water meet. The Pacific Ocean also has a section of the ocean that is known as the Ring of Fire. The Ring of Fire is an area in the Pacific Ocean that is covered with active volcanoes, and it is the site of many earthquakes.

The Pacific Ocean gets it’s name from Latin, and it translates to peaceful sea. The Pacific Ocean is also home to many marine life creatures and one of the earth’s largest living structures, the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is the largest coral reef in the world and is 2,600 kilometers long. The Great Barrier reef consists of 2,900 individual reefs, and many marine creatures live among the reef.

Atlantic Ocean

The Atlantic Ocean is the second-largest ocean in the world and is 41,080,000 square miles. The Atlantic Ocean is located between the easternmost parts of North and South America and the westernmost parts of Europe and Africa. The Atlantic covers 21% of the Earth, and the ocean sits in an S-shaped basin. Ocean basins are what lay underneath the ocean on the sea floor, like trenches, mountain ranges, or volcanoes. The Atlantic Oceans floor is made up of many hills, mountains and valleys.

The average depth of the Atlantic Ocean is 10.950 feet. The deepest point of the Atlantic Ocean is known as the Puerto Rico Trench, and it is 28,231 feet deep. The Puerto Rico Trench is located between the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. The Gulf of Mexico sits right next to the Atlantic Ocean, and many rivers, like the Amazon, Congo, and Niger, flow into the Atlantic. The Atlantic Ocean also shares its borders with many seas, like the Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea, and the Hudson Bay. The Atlantic Ocean is also home to many famous islands, like the Bahamas, the Canary Islands, Azores, Cap Verde Islands, and Greenland.

The Atlantic Ocean’s name comes from Greek mythology and the legendary Titan Atlas. The Atlantic Ocean was first traveled by Christopher Columbus in 1492. Columbus was trying to find a direct route from Europe to Asia when he and his crew traveled on the Nina, the Pinta, and the Santa Maria across the Atlantic Ocean. Amelia Earhart also traveled across the Atlantic ocean in 1932, marking the world’s first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean. The Atlantic Ocean is also famous for its mythic Bermuda Triangle. The Bermuda Triangle is where dozens of ships and planes have vanished.

Ocean Games and Activities